F Pancasila as an open ideology ~ Information Yusuf

Pancasila as an open ideology

Pancasila as an open ideology
The idea of ​​Pancasila as an open ideology began to develop since 1985. but its spirits have grown since Pancasila itself is established as the basis of the State (Emran, 1994: 38). As an ideology, Pancasila becomes our guidance and reference in carrying out activities in all fields, so that its nature must be open, flexible and flexible and not closed, rigid that will make it out of date. As argued by Alfian, Pancasila has qualified as an open ideology. This is evidenced by the attributes attached to Pancasila and the strength contained therein, namely the fulfillment of three dimensional quality requirements.

What is meant by Pancasila as an open ideology is Pancasila is an ideology that is able to adjust to the development of the era without changing its basic values. This does not mean that the basic value of Pancasila can be changed with another basic value which is equivalent to abolishing Pancasila or negating the identity of Indonesia (AL Marsudi, 2000: 62). Pancasila as an open ideology implies that the basic values ​​of Pancasila that can be developed in accordance with the dynamics of life of the Indonesian nation and the demands of the development of the creative age with attention to the level of needs and development of Indonesian society itself.

Moerdiono (BP7 Center, 1992: 399) mentions several factors that drive Pancasila thinking as an open ideology.

1. In the process of national development plan, the dynamics of our society develop very quickly. Thus not all the problems of life can be found ideologically in the ideas of previous ideologies.

2. The reality of the collapse of closed ideologies such as Marxismeleninisme / komunisme. Today the stronghold of communism is faced with a very tough choice, becoming an open ideology or maintaining another ideology.

3. The experience of our own political history with the influence of communism is very important. Since the ideological influence of communism is essentially closed, Pancasila has degenerated into a kind of rigid dogma. Pancasila no longer appears as a common reference, but as a conceptual weapon to attack political opponents. Government policy at that time became absolute. Consequently, differences are the reason for being directly branded anti-Pancasila.

4. Our determination to make Pancasila as the only principle in the life of society, nation and state. As a note, the term Pancasila as the only principle has been revoked based on MPR decree of 1999, but this revocation we mean as return of main function of Pancasila as base of State. In its position as the foundation of the State, Pancasila should be made the soul (volkgeits) of Indonesia in the life of the nation and state, especially in the development of Pancasila as an open Ideology. In addition, there are other factors, namely the determination of the Indonesian nation to make Pancasila as an alternative ideology of the world.

 2. the process of formulating Pancasila as the basis of the state

The process of formulating Pancasila as the basis of the country before the year 1945 Japan suffered defeat in East Asia Great, many ways used by Japan to attract sympathy especially to the nation of Indonesia, one of which is the promise of Japan to give independence for the nation of Indonesia spoken by Prime Minister Kaiso on 7 September 1944. As a result of this promise, on 29 April 1945, Japan established the Indonesian National Procurement Preparation Agency (BPUPKI or Dokuritsu Zyunbi Tyoosakai), which was in charge of investigating everything about the preparation for Indonesian independence. BPUPKI is chaired by DR. Rajiman Widiodiningrat, vice chairman of R. Panji Suroso and Mr. Hachibangase from Japan and has 60 members. During his tenure BPUPKI conducted two hearings.

3. The Pancasila Principle Function as the basis of State and State Ideology

The main functions of Pancasila as the basis of the state are as follows:

1. As the basis of the State, Pancasila domiciled as the fundamental norm or fundamental norm (fundamental norm) of the State thus Pancasila occupies the highest legal norms in the State ideology of Indonesia. Pancasila is the legal ideal (staatside) both written and unwritten law (convention).

2. As the source of all sources of law, Pancasila is the fundamental principle of the state which means the highest position, therefore Pancasila also as the ideal basis for the preparation of the rules in Indonesia. Therefore, all central and local laws and regulations do not deviate from the value of Pancasila or should be sourced from Pancasila values.

3. As a Life View, the value of Pancasila is a guideline and guidance in the development of the nation and the Nega
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